授課時數 每週3小時 共十八週
Course Objectives: This course is designed to give a general survey of current syntactic theories, with a special emphasis on functional approaches to grammar. It aims to explore the differences between 'formal' and 'functional' paradigms for syntactic analysis, with a thorough discussion of their 1) theoretical premises, 2) research concerns, 3) data collection 4) analytical methodology, and 5) explanatory principles. The first half of the class will focus on form-function associations as manifested in the English grammar. The second half will then introduce a variety of functional explanatory mechanisms with illustrations from a wide range of languages. The ultimate goal of this class is to familiarize students with contemporary syntactic theories that take grammar as coding devices for coherent communication.
“Syntax codes what people do the most” – T. Givon.
?Formal vs. Functional approaches to syntax
?Theoretical framework: Grammar as form-function association
?Definitions of ‘function’
?Discourse basis for syntactic categories
?Discourse and cognition
?Argument structure and information status
?Language universal: Transitivity
?Corpus and grammaticalization
- English Grammar: a function-based introduction. Vol. I and II, by T. Givon. 1993. John Benjamins.
- Syntax, vol. I & II, by T. Givon. 1984.
1.Givon, T. 1984. Syntax Vol. I. Background.
2.Li, Charles and Sandra Thompson. 1976. Subject and topic: a new typology of language, in Subject and Topic, ed. by Charles Li.
3.Hopper, Paul and Sandra Thompson. 1984. The discourse basis for lexical categories in universal grammar. Language (60): 703-753.
4.Hopper, Paul and Sandra Thompson. 1980. Transitivity in grammar and discourse. Language (56): 251-299.
5.Chafe, Wallace. 1987. Cognitive constraints on information flow, in Coherence and Grounding in Discourse, ed. By Russell Tomlin.
6.Du Bois, John. 1987. The discourse basis for ergativity. Language (63): 805-855.
7.Goldberg, Adele. 1999. Constructions. A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure.
8.Thompson, Sandra, and Paul Hopper. 1997. Emergent grammar and argument structure: evidence from conversation. Paper presented at the Symposium on Discourse and grammar.
9.Thompson, Sandra, and Anthony Mulac. 1991. A quantitative perspective on grammaticalization of epistemic parentheticals in English. In Approaches to Grammaticalization, vol. 2, eds. by E. Trauggot and B. Heine, 313-329. Amsterdam: Benjamins Publishing Co.